Many of the countries bordering on Red sea. Red sea is located between the Asia and Africa and it is the continuation or inlet of Indian Ocean. Red sea was formed by the Arabian Peninsula being sit from the horn of Africa by movement of the Red sea rift and the sea is still widening.
Average Depth – 1,610 ft
Maximum Depth – 9,970 ft
Gulf Of Aden is the entrance to the sea from south through Bab El Mandeb strait. In the North, one can access the sea from middle Eastern countries through Gulf of Aqaba. The red sea is one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world. The salinity of the red sea is greater than the world’s average, by approximately 4%.
The Red Sea connects with the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal, it is one of the most heavily travelled waterways in the world, carrying maritime traffic between Europe and Asia. As its Northern end the Red Sea splits into two parts, the Gulf of Suez to the Northwest and the Gulf of Aqaba to the Northeast.
The Red Sea geographically divided into three sections.
Red Sea Proper
Gulf of Aqaba (180 to 210 ft depth)
Gulf of Suez (5,500 ft depth)
Countries bordering on Red Sea Proper
There are two continents and six countries bordering the red sea proper.
Trick : rED SEa SAltY
The Gulf of Suez is entirely bordered by Egypt.
The Gulf of Aqaba borders Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Saudi Arabia.
Facts about the Red Sea
In the late 4th century BC, Alexander the Great sent Greek novel expeditions down the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean.
The Red sea was favoured for Roman trade with India starting with the reign of roman emperor Augustus.
During the middle ages, the Red sea was an important part of the spice trade route.
In 1798, France ordered General Nepolean to invade Egypt and take control of the Red Sea.
The salinity of the Red Sea is greater than the world’s average, by approximately 4%.
Why the salinity of Red sea is greater than world’s average?
Salinity of red sea is due to some following factors
High rate of evaporation and very little precipitation
Lack of significant rivers or streams draining into the sea.
Limited connection with the Indian Ocean, which has lower water salinity.
What are the climates of the Red sea?
The climate of the Red sea is the result of two monsoon seasons; a northeasterly monsoon and a Southwesterly monsoon. Monsoon winds occur because of differential heating between the land and the sea. Very high surface temperatures and high Salinities make this one of the warmest and saltiest bodies of seawater in the world.